Lymphocyte to Monocyte Ratio and Modified Glasgow Prognostic Score Predict Prognosis of Lung Adenocarcinoma Without Driver Mutation

Seigo Minami, Shouichi Ihara, Sung-Ho Kim, Suguru Yamamoto, Kiyoshi Komuta


Background: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) and modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS) are useful prognostic markers based on host-related systemic inflammatory response. They have been shown as independent prognostic biomarkers in various cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer. However, there has been little evidence for a specific population of pulmonary adenocarcinoma without active epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 159 patients who met the following criteria: histologically or cytologically diagnosed adenocarcinoma, confirmed wild-type EGFR, started first-line cytotoxic chemotherapy between July 2007 and March 2017 at our hospital, and c-stage IIIB or IV. We compared overall survival (OS) between dichotomized groups by the optimal cut-off points of NLR and LMR, and mGPS 0 - 1 vs. 2. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard analyses also detected prognostic factors for OS.

Results: As favorable prognostic factors for OS, multivariate analysis detected Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) 0 - 1 (hazard ratio (HR) 3.43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.12 - 5.53; P < 0.01), LMR >=1.97 (HR 0.39, 95% CI: 0.21 - 0.72; P < 0.01) and mGPS 0 - 1 (HR 1.95, 95% CI: 1.20 - 3.16; P < 0.01). The OS of LMR >= 1.97 and mGPS 0 - 1 groups were significantly longer than those of LMR < 1.97 and mGPS 2 groups, respectively. We divided 159 patients into three groups, both LMR >= 1.97 and mGPS 0 - 1, either LMR >= 1.97 or mGPS 0 - 1 and both LMR < 1.97 and mGPS 2. The OS of both LMR < 1.97 and mGPS 2 was significantly shorter than the other two groups. After adjustment for age, sex, ECOG PS, sodium, alkaline phosphatase and NLR, multivariate analysis found both LMR < 1.97 and mGPS 2 as an independent poor prognostic combination in comparison with both LMR >= 1.97 and mGPS0-1 (HR 5.98, 95% CI: 2.64 - 13.5; P < 0.01).

Conclusions: LMR and mGPS are independent prognostic markers for pulmonary adenocarcinoma with wild-type EGFR. Combination of LMR and mGPS can stratify patients according to prognosis.

World J Oncol. 2018;9(1):13-20


Lymphocyte to monocyte ratio; Modified Glasgow prognostic score; Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio; Non-small cell lung cancer; Adenocarcinoma; Wild-type epidermal growth factor receptor; Chemotherapy; Overall survival

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World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
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