Quality of Life and Psychological Distress of Lung Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy

Paraskevi Prapa, Ioanna V. Papathanasiou, Vissarion Bakalis, Foteini Malli, Dimitrios Papagiannis, Evangelos C. Fradelos


Background: Patients with lung cancer often experience multiple symptoms associated with both the disease itself and the treatment. The disease and therapy-related adverse effects may lead to poor quality of life (QoL) and increased psychological distress. The aim of this study was to investigate the QoL and psychological distress of patients with lung cancer. The relationship between these two aspects was also an area of focus.

Methods: This was a quantitative descriptive study. Data collection was done using a self-complementary tool. The data were collected between February and March 2020. The sample consisted of 135 patients with lung cancer who were undergoing chemotherapy in 1-day clinic in Athens (a sample of convenience).

Results: Regarding the QoL of our sample, we observed that the mean score of the physical health component of SF-12 was 38.17 ± 9.94 and of the mental health component was 45.63 ± 11.80. As regards the psychological distress of our sample, we observed that the mean score for depression was 4.55 ± 5.04, for anxiety was 3.84 ± 4.17 and for stress was 5.21 ± 5.01.

Conclusion: As is clear from the results, lung cancer patients reported poor QoL and increased rates of psychological distress.

World J Oncol. 2021;12(2-3):61-66
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/wjon1371


Quality of life; Psychological distress; Lung cancer; Chemotherapy

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