Metastatic Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma: The Great Pretender and the Great Dilemma

Umberto Maestroni, Donatello Gasparro, Francesco Ziglioli, Giulio Guarino, Davide Campobasso


Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) may present with a wide range of clinical pictures. Reportedly, paraneoplastic syndromes are the first sign in 20% of cases and only 15% of cases show the classic triad (flank pain, gross hematuria, and palpable abdominal mass) at presentation. The remaining cases present with signs and symptoms related to the site of distant metastases. These data may explain the reason why about 20-30% of patients are metastatic at presentation. We report the case of a 63-year-old woman who came to our attention for lower back pain. After imaging studies, we detected a left kidney mass of 86 61 79 mm, multiple right pulmonary nodules and six bone lesions. She underwent left radical nephrectomy. After 1 month, she developed signs of spinal cord compression with neurological deficits and she underwent emergency spinal decompression. In order to allow complete motor recovery, the subsequent stereotactic body radiation therapy was not performed, and she is currently taking combination immunotherapy regimens. Management of mRCC is in a continuous evolution due to availability of new target therapies and the possibility of a multimodal approach with surgical, focal and radiotherapy treatments. However, the ideal treatment algorithm is yet to come. This is why mRCC diagnosis and management are still challenging for the clinicians.

World J Oncol. 2021;12(5):178-182


Metastatic renal cell carcinoma; Diagnosis; Cytoreductive nephrectomy; Immunotherapy-based combination therapy; Multidisciplinary management

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.