Epithelial-Cadherin Expression Is Associated With Better Recurrence-Free and Overall Survival in Invasive Lobular Breast Cancer in Mexican Women

Ricardo Fernandez-Ferreira, Rita Dorantes-Heredia, Daniel Motola-Kuba, Jose-Manuel Ruiz-Morales, Gabriela Alvarado-Luna, Ileana Mac Kinney-Novelo, Wendy-Rossemary Munoz-Montano, Kevin-Joseph Fuentes-Calvo


Background: There are different clinicopathological characteristics that are associated with the prognosis in patients with breast cancer. To date, the prognostic valor of for epithelial cadherin (E cadherin) expression in invasive lobular breast cancer remains unknown.

Methods: A retrospective single-center study that included 207 patients with primary invasive lobular breast cancer was conducted. The primary outcome was to report the correlation of the different clinical pathological characteristics including the expression of epithelial-cadherin (E-cadherin) in invasive lobular breast cancer in Mexican women with recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS).

Results: After 11 years of follow-up of patients with invasive lobular breast cancer, RFS was 89.4% and OS of 96.1%. The best prognosis in RFS was in patients with negative nodes 95.2% (P = 0.0001) and OS was 98.6-100% (P = 0.0001). Regarding tumor size, an RFS of 98.3% was observed in those measuring ? 2 cm (P = 0.0001) and OS of 99.2% (P = 0.0001). Negative Her2 was related to an RFS of 92.1% (P = 0.0001), and had better OS of 98.3% (P = 0.0001). Ki67 proliferation index ? 14% was associated with an RFS of 93.2% (P = 0.005). Negative lymph vascular invasion (LVI) increases the RFS of 91.8% (P = 0.032). The rate of positive expression of E-cadherin was associated with an increase in the RFS of 97.4%, with a mean of 128.6 2.4 months (95% confidence interval (CI): 123.75 - 133.45 months) compared to the absence of expression E-cadherin: signal log ratio (SLR) 68.9%, a mean of 95 6 months (95% CI: 83.28 - 106.88 months), P <0.001. When the OS was analyzed, the presence of E-cadherin expression increased the OS of 100% vs. 86.9% with the absence, P = 0.015.

Conclusions: The prognostic impact of the different clinicopathological characteristics known worldwide was confirmed. Results of the analysis in the presented study indicate that positive expression of E-cadherin correlates with an improvement in OS and RFS in invasive lobular breast cancer in Mexican women.

World J Oncol. 2021;12(6):214-224
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/wjon1426


Clinical; Pathological; Invasive lobular breast cancer; E-cadherin; Overall survival; Recurrence; Prognostic

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