Immunoglobulin G4-Negative Inflammatory Pseudotumors of the Pancreas

Matthew T. Geiselmann, Daniel J. Acampa, Joshua Melamed, Farzana Arif, Kazuaki Takabe, Eric Seitelman, Rajiv Datta, Ganesh Gunasekaran, Hideo Takahashi


Inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) can occur in any organ, but rarely shows pancreatic involvement. While surgical excision has been recommended as the primary treatment for IPT of the pancreas in the past, some authors suggest observation while medical management often results in regression. Corticosteroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and immunosuppressive therapy have been used to treat IPTs. Spontaneous regression has also been reported in IPT managed without surgical intervention. A 62-year-old female was evaluated for worsening abdominal pain and a mass in the neck of the pancreas that was identified on ultrasound. Further imaging with magnetic resonance imaging revealed a pancreatic mass with dilated pancreatic duct and an atrophic parenchyma of the pancreatic neck. Her serum tumor markers were not elevated. As this lesion appeared to be resectable pancreatic cancer based on cross-sectional imaging, no biopsy was performed prior to surgical resection. Distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy was recommended and the patient desired to proceed. Her recovery was uneventful with no postoperative complications, including pancreatic fistula. Final pathology revealed a lesion consistent with the diagnosis of immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-negative IPT without neoplasm. IPT of the pancreas is a difficult entity to diagnose and treat due to clinical and imaging characteristics closely resembling pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Biopsy with immunohistochemical analysis can be useful in diagnosing IPT; however, symptomatic lesions and concerning findings on cross-sectional imaging may warrant more definitive surgical intervention.

World J Oncol. 2021;12(6):240-245


Inflammatory pseudotumor; Pancreas; Normal IgG4

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