Primary Angiosarcoma of the Spleen: An Aggressive Neoplasm

Mira Damouny, Subhi Mansour, Safi Khuri


Primary tumors of the spleen are rare, with an incidence rate of about 0.1%. These tumors could be benign, usually asymptomatic, or malignant which are usually symptomatic with abdominal pain being the most common symptom. Lymphoid neoplasms are the most common primary splenic tumors. Primary angiosarcoma is one of the extremely rare malignant vascular neoplasms of the spleen, which carries a dismal prognosis. It constitutes almost 7.4% of all primary malignant splenic neoplasms and is well known as an aggressive tumor with high local recurrence and distant metastasis rates. Overall survival is up to 12 months following diagnosis, regardless of management strategy. Due to the broad differential diagnosis of splenic tumors, this tumor is often forgotten, and is very challenging to diagnose early. Less than 300 cases of primary splenic angiosarcoma have been reported in the English literature. The main issue of this article is to review the current English literature to figure out the characteristic demographic features, clinical presentation, imaging findings and management of such tumors, in order to increase awareness of the treating physicians to improve diagnosis, management, as well as overall survival.

World J Oncol. 2022;13(6):337-342


Angiosarcoma of the spleen; Rare tumor; Dismal prognosis

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