The Potential Role of Virus Infection in the Progression of Thyroid Cancer

Yong Ke Wu, Tian Tian Jiang, Yuan Hao Su, Lin Mei, Ting Kai Sun, Yun Hao Li, Zhi Dong Wang, Yuan Yuan Ji


Multiple factors have engaged in the progression of thyroid cancer (TC). Recent studies have shown that viral infection can be a critical factor in the pathogenesis of TC. Viruses, such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), may play an essential role in the occurrence, development, and even prognosis in TC. This review mainly explored the potential role of viral infection in the progress of TC. The possible mechanisms could be recognizing the host cell, binding to the receptors, affecting oncogenes levels, releasing viral products to shape a beneficial environment, interacting with immune cells to induce immune evasion, and altering the pituitary-thyroid axis. Thus, comprehensive knowledge may provide insights into finding molecular targets for diagnosing and treating virus-related TC.

World J Oncol. 2024;15(3):382-393


Thyroid cancer; Virus diseases; Epstein-Barr virus infections; Hepacivirus; HIV; SARS-CoV-2; Therapeutics

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