Ultrasound-guided Central Venous Catheterization for Home Parenteral Nutrition and Hydratation in Advanced Incurable Cancer Patients: Results of A Prospective Observational Study

Luigi Cavanna, Maria Rosa Cordani, Claudia Biasini, Camilla Di Nunzio, Michela Monfredo, Elisa Stroppa, Monica Muroni, Massimo Ambroggi, Lara Muroni, Roberto Di Cicilia, Gabriele Cremona, Elisabetta Nobili, Elena Zaffignani, Giuseppe Civardi


Background: Most patients with advanced cancer are frequently malnourished and frequently they develop decreased oral fluid intake and dehidratation. Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is an increasingly used therapy for patients with advanced cancer. A central venous access device is often an essential component allowing parenteral nutrition and hidratation. However central venous catheter (CVC) insertion represents a risk for pneumothorax or other mechanical complications. This study aimed to determine the reduction of risks related to central venous catheter positionement in the setting of cancer patients with palliative programm.

Methods: Consecutive patients with a variety of cancer in advanced phase requiring palliative care who were undergoing placement of central venous catheter for parenteral nutrition or hydratation have been prospectively studied in a program of ultrasound-guided CVC placement. Four types of possible complications were defined:mechanical, thrombotic, infection and malfunctioning. After sterilization, local anesthesia is applied and a 7.5 MHZ puncturing US probe is placed in the supraclavicular site and a 16-gauge needle is advanced under real-time US guidance, into the last portion of internal jugular vein by experienced physicians. The Seldinger tecnique is used to place the catheter that is advanced into the superior vena cava until insertion to right atrium. Two hours after each procedure a chest X-ray and US scanning are carried out to confirm CVC position and rule out a pneumotorax.

Results: From 30 October 2000 to 31 October 2008: 209 CVC insertional procedure were applied in 207 patients with cancer in the palliative phase only. There were 101 women and 106 men with a mean age of 67.68 year (range 22-86). A single needle puncture of the vein was performed on 206 of 209 procedures (98.6%), the technique was efficacious at the first attempt in 98.6% of cases, in 2 patients (0.96%) the CVC was positioned at the second attempt. The procedure failed only one case (0.44%). No cases of pneumothorax, of major bleeding or nerve punctured were reported. Symptomatic vein thrombosis developed in one patient (0.44%). Infection episodes were reported in two cases. Mean time for CVC permanence was 92.5 9.1 days (range 8-158).

Conclusion: This study indicates that US-guided CVC insertion is a safe, cheap procedure for cancer patients in advanced phase and with palliative program, allowing parenteral nutrition and hydratation.

World J Oncol. 2011;2(5):238-244
doi: https://doi.org/10.4021/wjon390e


Central venous catheter; Palliative care; Cancer; Ultrasound; Nutrition; Hydratation

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.wjon.org   editorial contact: editor@wjon.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.