Increasing Role of FDG-PET/CT in Detecting Bone Marrow Metastasis of Solid Tumors in Adults: An Analysis of Ten Patients

Fatih Selcukbiricik, Ozcan Yildiz, Sabire Yilmaz, Deniz Tural, Hande Turna, Nil Molinas Mandel, Nukhet Tuzuner, Suheyla Serdengecti, Metin Halac


Background: We aimed to test the hypothesis that whether FDG-PET/CT which was ordered for various purposes can predict suspected or particularly unsuspected bone marrow metastasis (BMM) from the complete blood count and therefore can change the management of these patients.

Methods: In this retrospective study, the study sample consisted of 68 subsequent patients presented to our institution's pathology department with bone marrow metastases of solid tumors. PET/CT was found to have been ordered in 10 out of 68 patients (6.8%) for various purposes. All patients gave informed consent about the PET/CT examinations and bone marrow biopsies.

Result: FDG-PET/CT was ordered in 10 out of 68 solid tumor patients with pathologically proven BMM. Of these 10 patients, 3 were female and 7 were male; mean age was 54.7 years. While FDG PET/CT showed bone and BMM in 4 of 10 patients (40%), the rest of the patients had BMM without bone involvement. Five patients (50%) who had probable bone marrow involvement on their FDG PET/CT scans had unsuspected complete blood counts with regard to BMM.

Conclusion: PET/CT has the ability to detect a substantial number of metabolically active tumor cells in the bone marrow in all of our patients which we proved by bone marrow biopsies. We think that this cohort of patients with solid tumors is hypothesis-generating with regard to detecting early bone marrow metastases by FDG PET/CT.

World J Oncol. 2012;3(6):271-279


Bone metastasis; Bone marrow metastasis; FDG-PET/CT; Solid tumors

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