Surgical Staging of Early Stage Endometrial Cancer: Comparison Between Laparotomy and Laparoscopy

Murat Api, Semra Kayatas, Aysen Telce Boza, Hakan Nazik, Cevdet Adiguzel, Kadir Guzin, Mustafa Eroglu


Background: The aim of the present study was to compare the laparotomy (LT) and laparoscopy (LS) in patients who undergone surgical staging for early stage endometrium cancer.

Methods: Retrospective data were collected and analyzed for amount of intraoperative bleeding, complication rates, total resected and laterality specific number of lymph nodes and duration of operation in patients operated with either LT or LS.

Results: Seventy-nine stage I endometrium cancer patients were found to be eligible for the trial purposes: 58 (73.4%) treated by LT and 21 (26.6%) treated by LS. The number of lymph nodes was similar in LT (8.9 5.3) and LS (9.2 4.8) (P = 0.8). In LT group, there was no difference in the number of lymph nodes between the right and left sides (10 5.8 and 8.7 4.8 respectively, P = 0.19); in LS group, the number of lymph nodes resected from the right side was higher than the left side (9.8 5 and 7 3.5 respectively, P = 0.039). The amount of intraoperative bleeding and hospitalization period were significantly higher in LT group. Seventy-nine patients had a median follow-up of 30 months. The two groups were similar for disease-free survival (P = 0.46, log rank test).

Conclusions: There was no significant difference between the two methods in terms of number of total resected lymph nodes. In early stage endometrial carcinoma, LS has provided adequate staging and similar survival rates with LT.

World J Oncol. 2013;4(6):235-240


Endometrium cancer staging; Lymph node count; Laparoscopy

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