Comprehensive Insights Into Renal Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms: From Molecular Mechanisms to Clinical Practice

Bao Nan Dong, Hui Zhan, Ting Luan, Jian Song Wang


Perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasms (PEComas) are a rare category of mesenchymal tissue tumors, manifesting across various tissues and organs such as the kidneys, liver, lungs, pancreas, uterus, ovaries, and gastrointestinal tract. They predominantly affect females more than males. PEComas characteristically express both melanocytic and smooth muscle markers, making immunohistochemistry vital for their diagnosis. Renal angiomyolipoma (AML) represents a common variant of PEComas, typically marked by favorable prognoses. Nonetheless, only a small fraction of subtypes, especially epithelioid AML, possess the capacity to be malignant. Renal PEComas usually appear as asymptomatic masses accompanied by vague imaging characteristics. The main methods for diagnosis are histopathological analysis and the application of immunohistochemical stains. Presently, a uniform treatment plan for renal PEComas is absent. Strategies for management include active surveillance, selective arterial embolization, surgical procedures, and drug-based treatments. The focus of this review is on renal PEComas, shedding light on their pathogenesis, pathological characteristics, clinical presentations, diagnosis, and treatment modalities, and incorporating a clinical case study.

World J Oncol. 2024;15(3):372-381


Perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasms; Angiomyolipoma; Etiology; Immunohistochemistry; Therapeutics

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