Complete Pathologic Response to Gemcitabine and Oxaliplatin Chemotherapy After Prior Therapies in a Patient With Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Peritoneal Metastases Undergoing Cytoreductive Surgery and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy

Amry Majeed, Sneha Alaparthi, Dina Halegoua-DeMarzio, Jaime Eberle-Singh, Wei Jiang, Pramila Rani Anne, Ashesh P. Shah, Wilbur B. Bowne, Daniel Lin


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is often diagnosed at a late stage and frequently recurs despite curative intervention, leading to poor survival outcomes. Frontline systemic therapies include combination immunotherapy regimens and tyrosine kinase inhibitors. We report a case of a 38-year-old woman with chronic hepatitis B and C coinfection-associated non-cirrhotic HCC, which recurred in the peritoneum after initial resection of her primary tumor. Disease progression occurred on both atezolizumab/bevacizumab and lenvatinib, and she was subsequently treated with gemcitabine and oxaliplatin (GEMOX) chemotherapy and exhibited a profound clinical response on imaging with normalization of alpha fetoprotein (AFP) after several months. Following extensive multidisciplinary discussion, she underwent cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) that removed all visible macroscopic tumor. Her pathology demonstrated a complete pathologic response. She received two additional months of postoperative chemotherapy, and then proceeded with close monitoring off therapy. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a complete pathologic response to GEMOX chemotherapy in the context of CRS/HIPEC for peritoneal metastases in HCC, after progression on standard immunotherapy and tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatments. In this report, we review the current systemic treatment landscape in HCC. We highlight potential consideration of cytotoxic chemotherapy, which is less frequently utilized in current practice, in selected patients with HCC, and discuss the role of CRS/HIPEC in the management of peritoneal metastases. Further investigation regarding predictors of response to systemic treatments is strongly needed. Multidisciplinary management may ultimately prolong survival in patients with advanced HCC.

World J Oncol. 2024;15(3):511-520


Hepatocellular carcinoma; Systemic therapy; Chemotherapy; Cytoreductive surgery; HIPEC

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World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
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