GOLPH3 and YB-1 Are Novel Markers Correlating With Poor Prognosis in Prostate Cancer

Nehad M. R. Abd El-Maqsoud, Nisreen A. A. Osman, Amr M. A. El-Hamid, Tarek K. Fath El-Bab, Ehab M. Galal


Background: Prostate cancer is a common and aggressive cancer among men. Despite advances in the treatment, the mechanisms involved in progression are still unclear. New prognostic markers should be explored for better design of patient-specific therapeutic regimens.

Methods: This study was performed on 120 patients stratified as 76 with prostatic carcinoma, 12 with low-grade prostate intraepithelial lesion, 12 with high-grade prostate intraepithelial lesion and 20 with benign prostate hyperplasia. Immunohistochemical study was done for Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3) and Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1) analysis. Correlation with clinicopathological data and overall survival was analyzed.

Results: Both GOLPH3 and YB-1 showed increased expression from benign to malignant tumors. In prostatic carcinoma, cytoplasmic GOLPH3 was associated with Gleason score, stage and androgen receptor (P = 0.034, P < 0.001, and P = 0.008 respectively). Nuclear YB-1 expression was associated with Gleason score and androgen receptor (P = 0.018 and P = 0.024 respectively). Cytoplasmic YB-1 expression was associated with Gleason score, stage and androgen receptor (P = 0.008, P = 0.027, and P < 0.001 respectively). High Gleason score (P = 0.004), high stage (P < 0.001) and androgen receptor (P = 0.006) were the only detected adverse prognostic clinicopathological factors. Moderate/intense GOLPH3 and high nuclear and cytoplasmic YB-1 expression were correlated with shorter overall survival (P < 0.001, P = 0.020, and P < 0.001 respectively). In the multivariate analysis, moderate/intense GOLPH3 expression was the only predictor of overall survival (P = 0.025).

Conclusions: High GOLPH3 and nuclear/cytoplasmic YB-1 expression correlated with poor prognosis in prostate cancer. Both markers can be promising targets for new treatment strategies.

World J Oncol. 2015;6(6):473-484
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/wjon952w



GOLPH3; YB-1; Prostate cancer; Immunohistochemistry

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