Bone Marrow Features in Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia Treated With Novel Targeted Isocitrate Dehydrogenase 1/2 Inhibitors

Ashley Hagiya, Poorva Vaidya, Tarek Khedro, Bassam Yaghmour, Imran Siddiqi, George Yaghmour


This case report aimed to review the bone marrow features of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with isocitrate dehydrogenase 1/2 (IDH1/2) inhibitors. Five patients with AML treated with an IDH1/2 inhibitor were identified and retrospectively reviewed. We described the morphologic and immunophenotypic findings in the bone marrow, as well as ancillary study results. Two patients showed a hypercellular bone marrow with morphologic and immunophenotypic differentiation of blasts. The bone marrow of one patient displayed a hypoplastic phase. Four of the five patients demonstrated unusual morphologic and/or immunophenotypic populations, including basophilia with mild alterations on the myeloid blasts, a small subset of blasts with expression of T-cell markers not seen in the original immunophenotype, a cluster of differentiation 117 (CD117)-positive progenitor population with erythroid differentiation, and another population reminiscent of erythroid differentiation. Unusual morphologic and immunophenotypic populations can be seen in the bone marrows of patients treated with IDH1/2 inhibitors in the presence or absence of definite residual disease. The significance of these populations is uncertain, but further studies could be helpful to understand the meaning of these findings.

World J Oncol. 2019;10(6):226-230


Acute myeloid leukemia; Isocitrate dehydrogenase inhibitors; Bone marrow microenvironment

Full Text: HTML PDF Suppl1

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.