Prevalence and Prognosis of Secondary Genetic Aberrations Among Patients With Core Binding Factor Acute Myeloid Leukemia: A Mitelman Database Analysis

Renzo Martin Chapilliquen Ramirez, Mariana Teresa de Jesus Corbacho Pachas, Richard Junior Zapata Dongo


Background: Core binding factor acute myeloid leukemia (CBF-AML) comprises t(8;21) and inv(16) and usually has a favorable prognosis. However, a wide spectrum of secondary genetic aberrations has been shown to be associated with worse outcomes with respect to overall survival (OS) and relapse. We aimed to identify secondary molecular and chromosomal aberrations within each group of CBF-AML, i.e., t(8;21) and inv(16), and to evaluate their prognosis with OS.

Methods: Using the Mitelman Database of Chromosome Aberrations and Gene Fusions in Cancer, we analyzed 193 cases of CBF-AML reported between 2011 and 2021. We conducted a survival analysis to determine the 5-year OS, and we conducted univariate and multivariate Cox regression to identify independent genetic factors related to OS.

Results: Among the 193 cases with CBF-AML, structural and numerical chromosome rearrangements were 25.9% and 40.9%, respectively, and secondary genetic mutations were 54.9%. The 5-year OS for the presence of del(7) and trisomy 22 was significantly worse. NRAS mutations had a worse 5-year OS in the t(8;21) group in the univariate analysis but showed no significant difference in the multivariate analysis.

Conclusions: CBF-AML has heterogeneous cytogenetic characteristics but no difference in the 5-year OS between the inv(16) and t(8;21) groups. Finally, the presence of del(7), trisomy 22 and NRAS mutations showed a potential prognostic impact in CBF-AML patients. Secondary genetic findings may need to be identified to determine its association to a worse prognosis, and in the future develop better targeted therapies in patients with CBF-AML.

World J Oncol. 2023;14(6):488-498


Leukemia; Myeloid; Acute; Core binding factors; Chromosome aberrations; Oncogenes; Prognosis

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